What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Diabetes is a life-long disease of high blood sugar. When we eat most of the food is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Normally, the pancreas, a large gland located behind the stomach, produces insulin (a hormone) which moves the glucose from the bloodstream to the body's cells to be used as fuel. In Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Without adequate insulin, sugar builds up in the blood instead of going to the cells. Therefore, the body isn't able to convert nutrients into necessary energy. Over time, high blood sugar levels have the potential to damage various organs of the body. Type 1 Diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and is sometimes called Juvenile Diabetes. There are two other types of Diabetes, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. In Type 2 Diabetes, the pancreas usually produces enough insulin, but the body does not use it effectively. Gestational Diabetes develops only during pregnancy and usually disappears after childbirth.

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