Cloacal Exstrophy

What is Cloacal Exstrophy?

Cloacal Exstrophy is a serious congenital (present at birth) abnormality. The bladder is divided into two halves, part of the bowel is exstrophied (turned inside out) and located between the bladder halves, and the bones of the pelvis are separated in the front. In males, the penis is split into two halves. In females, the clitoris is split into two halves. Associated conditions often include abnormalities of the kidneys, cardiovascular system, and spine (Spina Bifida). Often there is an omphalocele which is a sac containing abdominal organs protruding through a defect to the outside of the body. Females may also have two vaginal openings or the vagina may be absent.

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